Today is World Hepatitis Day, and in order to spread awareness about the disease, we must first acquire some knowledge about it. Here are a few key points you should know about hepatitis.
Q. What is hepatitis?
A. Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver that can be caused by several reasons, such as overconsumption of alcohol, but it is most commonly caused by the hepatitis virus.
Q. What are the different hepatitis viruses?
A. There are 5 main types, referred to as A, B, C, D and E. These are the most common virus types that lead to acute or chronic diseases. Type B and C can both lead to chronic disease and are the most common cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer.
Q. How is hepatitis transmitted?
A. Depending on the type of the virus, the disease can spread differently. Hepatitis A and E are both spread by ingestion of contaminated food and water. Type B, C and D are transmitted through bodily fluids, such as contaminated blood, blood products, and contaminated medical equipments. As for hepatitis B, the virus can also be transmitted from mother to child at birth or by sexual transmission.
Q. How can hepatitis be prevented?
A. For types A, B and D there are vaccines available that are safe and effective to prevent the disease. For type E, there is a vaccine available for high risk populations, although it is not as widely available.
Type C does not have a vaccine available and precautions must be taken. In terms of prevention methods, remember that type C can be transmitted through blood products, contaminated medical equipment and, though less commonly, by sexual transmission.
Also remember that hepatitis or inflammation of the liver can be caused by excessive consumption of alcohol. Please remember to drink responsibly, your liver will thank you for it!
To learn more about how hepatitis is treated, visit our Facebook page and remember to like and share our posts to raise awareness about hepatitis!